Abrehi an panguna nga menu

An Israel (Inebreo: יִשְׂרָאֵל; Inarabo: إِسْرَائِيل‎), nga tinatawag gihapon nga Estado han Israel (מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל > Medinat Yisra'el; دولة إسرائيل > Dawlat Isrā'īl) usá nga nasod ha Katundan nga Asya, nahamutang ha timugan nga baybayon han Dagat Mediterraneo ngan han amihanan nga baybayon han Pula nga Dagat. Mayda ini mga katubtuban upod haɲ Libano ha amihan, han Sirya ha dumagsaan, han Hordanya ha sidlangan, ngan han Ehipto ha habagatan. An mga Palestino nga mga teritoryo han West Bank ngan Gaza Strip nahamutang ha sinirangan ngan katundan.[20]

Israel

Centered blue star within a horizontal triband
Bandira
Centered menorah surrounded by two olive branches
Emblem
Awit: "Hatikvah" ("An Paglaum")

Location of Israel (in green) on the globe.
1967 nga katubtoban (Lunghaw nga Linea)
1967 nga katubtoban (Lunghaw nga Linea)
Pamunuan
ngan gidako-i nga syudad
Jerusalem (limitado nga pagkilala)[fn 1]
31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217
Opisyal nga mga pinulungan Hebreo
Mga ginkilala nga mga pinulongan Inarabo[fn 2]
Ethniko nga mga grupo
(2019)
Relihiyon
(2019)
(Mga) Tawag hin tawo Israeli
Kagamhanan Unitaryo nga parlamentaryo nga republika
• Mangulo
Reuven Rivlin
Benjamin Netanyahu
Yuli Edelstein
Esther Hayut
Magbabalaod Knesset
Paglugaríng
14 Mayo 1948
11 Mayo 1949
Langyab
• Bug-os
20,770–22,072 km2 (8,019–8,522 sq mi)[a] (ika-150)
• Katubigan (%)
2.1
Kamolupyohan
• 2019 estimate
9,133,850[13][fn 3] (ika-99)
• 2008 nga census
7,412,200[14][fn 3]
• Densidad
[convert: invalid number] (ika-35)
GDP (PPP) 2019[17] nga banabana
• Bug-os
$353.645 ka bilyon[fn 3] (ika-54)
• Per capita
$39,106[fn 3] (ika-35)
GDP (nominal) 2019[17] nga banabana
• Bug-os
$390.656 billion[fn 3] (ika-32)
• Per capita
$43,199[fn 3] (ika-20)
Gini (2013) 42.8[fn 3][18]
medium · ika-48
HDI (2017)  0.903[fn 3][19]
hataas hin duro · ika-22
Salapi Shekel (‎) (ILS o NIS)
Zona hin oras UTC+2 (IST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (IDT)
Dapit hin pagmanehar tuo
Kodigo hin pagtawag 972
ISO 3166 nga kodigo IL
Internet TLD .il
  1. Diri naglalakip / Naglalakip han Kahigtas-an han Golan ngan Sinarangan nga Jerusalem; see below.
  2. Nalalakip an ngatanan nga mga permanente nga nangungukoy ha Israel proper, ha Kahigtas-an han Golan ngan Sinirangan nga Jerusalem. Naglalakip gihapon han Israeli nga kamolupyohan ha West Bank. Diri lakip an diri-Israeli nga kamolupyohan ha West Bank ngan ha Gaza Strip.

Mga tigamanPagliwat

  1. Pagkilala hin iba nga mga api han UN nga mga estado: Australia (Katundan nga Jerusalem),[1] Rusya (Katundan nga Jerusalem),[2] an Czeka nga Republika (Katundan nga Jerusalem),[3] Honduras,[4] Guatemala,[5] Nauru,[6] ngan an Estados Unidos.[7]
  2. An Inarabo kasanhi ginkilala nga usá nga buhatonon o opisyal nga pinulongan han Estado han Israel.[8] Han 2018 ginkilala ini nga mayda 'ispisyal nga status han estado' upod han paggamit hiní han mga institusyon han estado nga igpapahayag ha balaod.[9][10][11]
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Israeli population and economic data covers the economic territory of Israel, including the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank.[15][16]

PinanbasaranPagliwat

  1. "Australia recognises West Jerusalem as Israeli capital". BBC. 15 Disyembre 2018.
  2. "Foreign Ministry statement regarding Palestinian-Israeli settlement". www.mid.ru. 6 Abril 2017.
  3. "Czech Republic announces it recognizes West Jerusalem as Israel's capital". Jerusalem Post. 6 Disyembre 2017. Ginkuhà 6 Disyembre 2017. The Czech Republic currently, before the peace between Israel and Palestine is signed, recognizes Jerusalem to be in fact the capital of Israel in the borders of the demarcation line from 1967." The Ministry also said that it would only consider relocating its embassy based on "results of negotiations.
  4. "Honduras recognizes Jerusalem as Israel's capital". The Times of Israel. 29 Agosto 2019.
  5. "Guatemala se suma a EEUU y también trasladará su embajada en Israel a Jerusalén" [Guatemala joins US, will also move embassy to Jerusalem]. Infobae (ha Spanish). 24 Disyembre 2017. Am embahada han Guatemala nahamutang ha Jerusalem kutob han mga 1980 nga dekada, han pagbalhina hiní ngadto ha Tel Aviv.
  6. "Nauru recognizes J'lem as capital of Israel". Israel National News (ha English). 29 Agosto 2019.
  7. "Trump Recognizes Jerusalem as Israel's Capital and Orders U.S. Embassy to Move". The New York Times. 6 Disyembre 2017. Ginkuhà 6 Disyembre 2017.
  8. Batakan:Cite url
  9. "Israel Passes 'National Home' Law, Drawing Ire of Arabs". The New York Times (ha English). 19 Hulyo 2018.
  10. Lubell, Maayan (19 Hulyo 2018). "Israel adopts divisive Jewish nation-state law". Reuters.
  11. "Press Releases from the Knesset". Knesset website. 19 Hulyo 2018. The Arabic language has a special status in the state; Regulating the use of Arabic in state institutions or by them will be set in law.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Ipakita an sayop: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named population_stat2019
  13. "Home page". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Ginkuhà 20 Pebrero 2017.
  14. Population Census 2008 (PDF) (Report). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008. Ginkuhà 27 December 2016.
  15. OECD 2011.
  16. Quarterly Economic and Social Monitor, Volume 26, October 2011, p. 57: "When Israel bid in March 2010 for membership in the 'Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development'... some members questioned the accuracy of Israeli statistics, as the Israeli figures (relating to gross domestic product, spending and number of the population) cover geographical areas that the Organization does not recognize as part of the Israeli territory. These areas include East Jerusalem, Israeli settlements in the West Bank and the Golan Heights."
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund. Abril 2018. Ginkuhà 19 April 2018.
  18. "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Ginkuhà 21 August 2017.
  19. "Human Development Index and its components". United Nations Development Programme. 2018. Ginkuhà 24 Septyembre 2018.
  20. "Palestinian Territories". State.gov. 22 Abril 2008. Ginkuhà 26 Disyembre 2012.

BibliograpiyaPagliwat

  • Abadi, Jacob (2004). Israel's Quest for Recognition and Acceptance in Asia: Garrison State Diplomacy. Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-5576-7. 
  • Barton, John; Bowden, Julie (2004). The Original Story: God, Israel and the World. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. ISBN 0-8028-2900-7. 
  • Ben-Sasson, Hayim (1985). A History of the Jewish People. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-39731-6. 
  • Bregman, Ahron (2002). A History of Israel. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-67631-9. 
  • Broughton, Simon; Ellingham, Mark; Trillo, Richard (1999). World Music: The Rough Guide. Rough Guides. ISBN 1-85828-635-2. 
  • Cole, Tim (2003). Holocaust City: The Making of a Jewish Ghetto. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-92968-7. 
  • Fraser, T. G. (2004). The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Palgrave Macmillan Limited. ISBN 9781403913388. http://books.google.com/books?id=IBJrQgAACAAJ. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  • Friedland, Roger; Hecht, Richard (2000). To Rule Jerusalem. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-22092-7. 
  • Gelvin, James L. (2005). The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-85289-7. 
  • Gilbert, Martin (2005). The Routledge Atlas Of The Arab–Israeli conflict (8th ed.). Routledge. ISBN 0-415-35900-7. 
  • Goldreich, Yair (2003). The Climate of Israel: Observation, Research and Application. Springer. ISBN 0-306-47445-X. 
  • Harkavy, Robert E.; Neuman, Stephanie G. (2001). Warfare and the Third World. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-24012-0. 
  • Henderson, Robert D'A. (2003). Brassey's International Intelligence Yearbook (2003 ed.). Brassey's Inc.. ISBN 1-57488-550-2. 
  • Herzl, Theodor (1946). The Jewish State. American Zionist Emergency Council. ISBN 0-486-25849-1. 
  • Jacobs, Daniel (1998). Israel and the Palestinian Territories: The Rough Guide (2nd revised ed.). Rough Guides. ISBN 1-85828-248-9. 
  • Kellerman, Aharon (1993). Society and Settlement: Jewish Land of Israel in the Twentieth Century. State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-1295-4. 
  • Kornberg, Jacques (1993). Theodor Herzl: From Assimilation to Zionism. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-33203-6. 
  • Lustick, Ian (1988). For the Land and the Lord: Jewish Fundamentalism in Israel. Council on Foreign Relations Press. ISBN 0-87609-036-6. 
  • Mazie, Steven (2006). Israel's Higher Law: Religion and Liberal Democracy in the Jewish State. Lexington Books. ISBN 0-7391-1485-9. 
  • Morçöl, Göktuğ (2006). Handbook of Decision Making. CRC Press. ISBN 1-57444-548-0. 
  • Mowlana, Hamid; Gerbner, George; Schiller, Herbert I. (1992). Triumph of the File: The Media's War in the Persian Gulf — A Global Perspective. Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-1610-3. 
  • Roberts, Adam (1990). "Prolonged Military Occupation: The Israeli-Occupied Territories Since 1967". The American Journal of International Law. American Society of International Law. 84 (1): 44–103. doi:10.2307/2203016. JSTOR 2203016.
  • Romano, Amy (2003). A Historical Atlas of Israel. The Rosen Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8239-3978-2. 
  • Rosenzweig, Rafael (1997). The Economic Consequences of Zionism. T Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 90-04-09147-5. 
  • Rummel, Rudolph J. (1997). Power Kills: Democracy As a Method of Nonviolence. Transaction Publishers. ISBN 0-7658-0523-5. 
  • Scharfstein, Sol (1996). Understanding Jewish History. KTAV Publishing House. ISBN 0-88125-545-9. 
  • Segev, Tom (2007). 1967: Israel, the War, and the Year that Transformed the Middle East. Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 9780805070576. 
  • Shindler, Colin (2002). The Land Beyond Promise: Israel, Likud and the Zionist Dream. I.B.Tauris Publishers. ISBN 1-86064-774-X. 
  • Skolnik, Fred (2007). Encyclopedia Judaica. 9 (2nd ed.). Macmillian. ISBN 0-02-865928-7. 
  • Smith, Derek (2006). Deterring America: Rogue States and the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-86465-8. 
  • Stein, Leslie (2003). The Hope Fulfilled: The Rise of Modern Israel. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-275-97141-4. 
  • Stendel, Ori (1997). The Arabs in Israel. Sussex Academic Press. ISBN 1-898723-23-0. 
  • Stone, Russell A.; Zenner, Walter P. (1994). Critical Essays on Israeli Social Issues and Scholarship. SUNY Press. ISBN 0-7914-1959-2. 
  • Torstrick, Rebecca L. (2004). Culture and Customs of Israel. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-32091-8. 

Mga sumpay ha gawasPagliwat

Gobyerno
Kasahiran nga Impormasyon
Mga mapa
Mga nasumpay nga direktorya
Mga Nasod ha Asya
Afganistan | Amihanan nga Korea | Arabya Saudi | *Armenya | *Aserbaiyan | Barein | Bangladesh | Birmania/Myanmar | Brunei | Butan | Cambodia/Camboya | *Ehipto | Emiratos Arabes Unidos | *Georgia | Hapon | Hordanya | India | Indonesia/Indonesya | Irak | Iran | Israel | *Kasahistan/Kazakhstan | Kirguistan | Kuwait | Laos | Libano | Malaysia | Maldivas | Mongolya | Nepal | Oman | Pakistan | Pilipinas | Qatar/Catar | *Rusia | Salatan nga Korea | Singgapura | Sinirangan nga Timor | Sirya | Sri Lanka | Taiwan (Republika han Tsina) | Tayikistan | Thailand/Tailandya | Tsina (Kanan Katawhan Republika han Tsina) | Turkmenistan | Turkeya | Usbekistan | Vietnam | Yemen


Mga Nasod ngan teritoryo ha Mediterraneo
Albanya | Arhelya | Bosnya ngan Hersegovina | Ehipto | Eslovenya | Espanya | Fransya | Gresya | Israel | Italya | Kroasya | Libano | Libya | Malta | Morocco | Monako | Montenegro | Palestina | Sirya | Tsipre | Tunisya | Turkeya