An Australia o Australya amo an usa ka nasod nga napapabutngaan han Kalawdan han Pacifico ngan Kalawdan han Indian. An kapital han nasod amo an Canberra.

Commonwealth of Australia

Bandira han Australia
Eskudo han Australia
Kahamutang han Australia
Pamunuan Canberra
Gidako-i nga syudad Sydney
Opisyal nga mga pinulungan NoneN2
National language English (de facto)N2
(Mga) Tawag hin tawo Australian,
Aussie[1][2] (colloquial)
Kagamhanan Federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy, see Government of Australia
• Monarch
Queen Elizabeth II
Peter Cosgrove
Malcolm Turnbull
1 Enero 1901
11 Disyembre 1931
9 Oktubre 1942 (with effect from 3 Septyembre 1939)
3 Marso 1986
• Bug-os
7,617,930 km2 (2,941,300 sq mi) (6th)
• 2024 estimate
28,532,568[3] (51st)
• 2006 nga census
• Densidad
2.833/km2 (7.3/sq mi) (232nd)
GDP (PPP) 2008 nga banabana
• Bug-os
$799.054 billion[5] (18th)
• Per capita
$36,918[5] (15th)
GDP (nominal) 2008 nga banabana
• Bug-os
$1.013 trillion[5] (14th)
• Per capita
$46,824[5] (13th)
HDI (2007) 0.970[6]
Error: Invalid HDI value · 2nd
Salapi Australian dollar (AUD)
Zona hin oras UTC+8 to +10.5 (variousN3)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+8 to +11.5 (variousN3)
Dapit hin pagmanehar left
Kodigo hin pagtawag +61
ISO 3166 nga kodigo AU
Internet TLD .au

Mga estado ngan teritoryo

Reference map for states and territories of Australia
States and territories of Australia[7]
Flag State/Territory name ISO[8] Postal Type Capital Population Area (km²)
Ashmore and Cartier Islands External (West Islet) 0 199
  Australian Antarctic Territory External (Mawson Station) 1,000 5,896,500
  Australian Capital Territory AU-ACT ACT Territory Canberra 344,200 2,358
  Christmas Island CX External Flying Fish Cove 1,493 135
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands CC External West Island 628 14
Coral Sea Islands Territory External (Willis Island) 3 10
Heard Island and McDonald Islands HM External (Atlas Cove) 0 144
Jervis Bay Territory + JBT Territory (Jervis Bay Village) 611 70
  New South Wales AU-NSW NSW State Sydney 6,967,200 800,642
  Norfolk Island NF External Kingston 2,114 35
  Northern Territory AU-NT NT Territory Darwin 219,900 1,349,129
  Queensland AU-QLD QLD State Brisbane 4,279,400 1,730,648
  South Australia AU-SA SA State Adelaide 1,601,800 983,482
  Tasmania AU-TAS TAS State Hobart 500,000 68,401
  Victoria AU-VIC VIC State Melbourne 5,297,600 227,416
  Western Australia AU-WA WA State Perth 2,163,200 2,529,875


  1. "Demonyms - Names of Nationalities". Ginhipos tikang han orihinal han 2018-12-25. Ginkuhà 2008-07-23.
  2. "Demonyms, or what do you call a person from ..." The Geography Site. Ginkuhà 2008-07-25.
  3. "Population clock". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Ginkuhà 3 Enero 2010. The population estimate shown is automatically calculated daily at 00:00 UTC and is based on data obtained from the population clock on the date shown in the citation.
  4. Batakan:Census 2006 AUS
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Australia". International Monetary Fund. Ginkuhà 2009-10-01.
  6. Human Development Report 2009. The United Nations. Retrieved 5 Oktubre 2009.
  7. References and details on data provided in the table can be found within the individual state and territory articles.
  8. ISO 3166-2:AU ( ISO 3166-2 codes for the states and territories of Australia)



Dugang nga barasahon

  • Denoon, Donald, et al. (2000). A History of Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-17962-3
  • Goad, Philip and Julie Willis (eds) (2011). The Encyclopedia of Australian Architecture Cambridge University Press, Port Melbourne, Victoria. ISBN 978-0-521-88857-8
  • Hughes, Robert (1986). The Fatal Shore: The Epic of Australia's Founding. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-50668-5.
  • Powell JM (1988). An Historical Geography of Modern Australia: The Restive Fringe. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-25619-4
  • Robinson GM, Loughran RJ, and Tranter PJ (2000) Australia and New Zealand: economy, society and environment. London: Arnold; NY: OUP; 0340720336 paper 0-340720328 hard.

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