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↑Carvalho, M.R. de, Stehmann, M.F.W. and L.G. Manilo (2002) Torpedo adenensis, a new species of electric ray from the Gulf of Aden, with comments on nominal species of Torpedo from the western Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, and adjacent areas (Chondrichthyes: Torpediniformes: Torpedinidae)., American Museum Novitates No. 3369:1-34.